Middle-aged and elderly people should have a selective “meal”
Elderly health care experts recommend that middle-aged and elderly people, especially those over the age of 50, should have a targeted physical examination to detect and control common diseases and frequently-occurring diseases, and maintain a healthy body.
銆€銆€With the increase of age, the function and structure of various systemic organs of the human body will undergo degenerative changes, and the harmfulness and mortality of many specific diseases will also increase with age.
Therefore, elderly health experts recommend that middle-aged and elderly people, especially those over the age of 50, should have targeted physical examinations to detect and control common diseases and frequently-occurring diseases, and maintain a healthy body.
銆€銆€Bone Density Examination The symptoms of osteoporosis are not obvious at the beginning. Sometimes there is bone pain and weakness in the whole body, especially the persistent pain in the waist, pelvis and back. Many people mistakenly think that it is a problem of the lumbar spine.
The bone is generally lost from the 30s, and the body’s ability to absorb calcium, the main component of the bone, is gradually weakened, and more than 1/3 of the bone has been lost when the fracture occurs.
銆€銆€Recommendation: After 40 years of age, if the waist, pelvis, and back are persistently painful, it is necessary to check the bone density and prevent osteoporosis early.
銆€銆€Postprandial blood glucose In the general physical examination items, it is required to measure blood sugar on an empty stomach. Some people think that fasting blood sugar is normal and everything is fine.
However, although the fasting blood glucose is normal, if the blood glucose level is higher than the normal value two hours after the meal, even if the diagnostic criteria for diabetes are not met, the glucose tolerance is low, and the alarm of the large vessel disease has already sounded.
Because many of the pre-diabetes have no obvious symptoms, when they find that they have obvious symptoms of diabetes, they have actually had diabetes for several years.
銆€銆€Recommendation: People over the age of 40 who have a family history of diabetes, obesity, and high blood pressure should also take postprandial blood glucose tests in addition to fasting blood glucose and take preventive measures.
銆€銆€Gynecological internal medicine Gynecological internal examination plus cervical smear, including vulva, vagina, cervical cytology, uterus, double attachment palpation.
It is helpful for the discovery of early cervical cancer.
銆€銆€Recommendation: In principle, married women should be inspected at least once every two years.
銆€銆€Cardiac examination The current routine physical examination is performed on the heart by electrocardiogram.
Nowadays, due to the stress of work and the tight pace of life, many people have a heavy burden on the heart. In physical examination, problems such as arrhythmia and myocardial fatigue are often found.
However, early cardiovascular diseases such as invisible coronary heart disease and early myocardial infarction are difficult to find, and other tests must be used.
銆€銆€Recommendation: People with symptoms such as arrhythmia and myocardial fatigue should go to the hospital for further examination.
銆€銆€Brain CT In daily life, the harbinger of cerebral infarction may simply be that chest tightness, dizziness, poor sleep, etc., people think it is a sub-health performance.
CT can check tumors and cerebral infarctions, but the brain is generally not checked in routine physical examinations, and because of the high cost, many people generally do not do brain CT.
銆€銆€Recommendation: People who often have dizziness, headache, and chest tightness can do a CT scan of the brain to check for early disease under economic conditions.
銆€銆€Anti-cancer test The older you are, the more likely you are to get carcinogens, and the more likely you are to develop cancer.
According to some data, the cancer mortality rate in the 35-50 age group has ranked first among various diseases in this age group.
銆€銆€Recommendation: People over the age of 50, if conditions permit, it is best to do a cancer check every year.
銆€銆€Fundus examination Many diseases can be detected in time through fundus examination. For example, if the retinal artery is hardened, the degree of systemic arteriosclerosis or even cerebral arteriosclerosis can be known.
銆€銆€Recommendation: 45 years of age or older, should check the fundus once a year.
For those who have blurred vision and headache in the near future, it is necessary to check the fundus.
銆€銆€Back cavity examination The tooth does not hurt, it does not mean that the tooth must be no problem.
For example, bleeding when brushing your teeth, bad breath, loose teeth, sensitive food and soreness in hot food all indicate problems with your teeth.
銆€銆€Recommendation: If you have any of the above symptoms, you should check with a dentist. It is best to have a regular oral examination every six months.