How to deal with neonatal abnormalities
From the moment the baby is born, it becomes the focus of care for the family. In fact, some abnormalities of newborn babies are not pathological. Parents do not need to be overly alarmed and focus on handling properly.
Physiological jaundice is mainly due to the hypoxic environment of cholesterol in the uterus, which stimulates the excessive production of red blood cells, which causes more sources of bilirubin in the early neonatal period than in adults. In addition, neonatal liver cells take up, combine and excrete bilirubinPoor function, so it can cause physiological jaundice.
Usually after birth 2?
Appears in 3 days, 7?
14 days subsided.
The general condition is good, self-limiting, no treatment is needed, and it is good after healing.
Sneezing Occasionally, sneezing of newborns is not a cold, because the nasal blood of newborns runs more vigorously, and the nasal cavity is small and short. If small external substances such as cotton wool, fluff or dust enter, it will stimulate the nasal mucosa and cause sneezingLaughing, this can also be said to be a way for the baby to manually manage the nasal cavity instead of manually.
You can also sneeze when you suddenly encounter cold air.
Unless your baby has a runny nose, parents do n’t need to worry about it and do n’t let their baby take cold medicine.
Peeling Almost all newborns will have peeling, only slight dandruff or peeling like a snake. As long as the baby eats and sleeps, it is normal to have no problem sleeping.
Peeling is because the stratum corneum, the top layer of the newborn’s skin, is underdeveloped and easily displaced.
In addition, the basement membrane of the neonate with the epidermis and dermis is underdeveloped, which makes the connection between the epidermis and the dermis not close enough, which increases the chance of epidermal displacement.
This peeling phenomenon may occur in all parts of the body, but with limbs and slightly behind the ears, as long as it becomes a natural shift in the bath, there is no need to take special protective measures or forcibly peel off the peel.
If peeling is accompanied by other symptoms such as swelling or blisters, it may be a sign and you need to see a doctor.
Neonatal erythema. Some neonates develop a general redness of the skin after the first attack, accompanied by red spots the size of a fingertip.
This may be caused by the cold and dry external environment and the effects of toxins.
After 2 days, it gradually subsided, and desquamation occurred. It was common in the soles of the feet, the center of the feet, and the wrinkles. After desquamation, the skin was pink.
Newborns with chestnut rash often have needlepoint-sized yellow and white spots on the nose, nose and tip, which are caused by the accumulation of sebaceous glands. They are called chestnut rash, not pustules, and will disappear naturally after molting.
Weight loss due to overeating in the first few days after birth, with insignificant dehydration and excretion of urine, so 2?
4 weight loss has decreased, about 6% weight loss than when born?
9% is called physiological weight loss.
As the amount of milk increases, eating increases, returning to normal about 10 days after birth, and entering a rapid growth stage.
The only way for newborns to breathe briefly is the nose. Although the upper throat guarantees that they will not accidentally pinch when pumping, it also causes the physiological characteristics that he cannot breathe through his mouth.
In addition, because the baby’s lungs are not yet mature, sometimes there will be “asphyxia” for about 10 seconds.
However, it will be normal after 6 months.
Dehydrated neonates have thin subcutaneous faeces and relatively permeate body fluids, making them easy to dissipate heat.
When the room temperature is too high, heat dissipation through the skin increases.
If there is insufficient water in the body at this time, the blood will be concentrated, which will easily cause dehydration in the newborn.
The heat of dehydration generally does not exceed 38 ° C. If it can be found in time, the fluid can return to normal soon.
Newborn baby with strabismus in the eye, because of the squeeze in the birth canal, the eyelids will be a little swollen. Generally 2?
It will disappear in 3 days.
Generally speaking, the newborn’s early eyeballs have not been fixed, it looks a little cross-eyed, and the muscles of the eyes are poorly adjusted, often with short-term strabismus, which is a normal physiological phenomenon.
If after 3 months.
The baby is still squinting, and he should be taken to the hospital in time.
Breast enlargement Due to the effects of estrogen on the fetus in the second trimester of pregnancy, breast enlargement can occur in both boys and girls within 1 week of birth, and may be of the size of a broad bean.
Breast enlargement to be second after birth?
It took 3 weeks to subside on its own.
Some elderly people think that baby girls should squeeze out milk to restore the swollen breasts to normal, and at the same time ensure that milk is secreted during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
This is wrong and may cause infection.
Babies are constantly snoring every month after birth. This is because the diaphragm has not yet matured.
In addition, sometimes snoring is due to the baby’s excessive excitement, and sometimes it is due to fresh feeding.
Arrived at 3?
At 4 months, your baby will be less snoring.
If your baby keeps snoring, you can feed your baby some warm water to stop snoring.
Pioneer foot In fact, it is normal for a newborn’s foot to be flat and flat.
Conversely, if the baby has a high arch during the first month of the month, it is a bad sign because it indicates that the baby will have neurological or muscular problems.
Baby is 4?
The arch will develop well at the age of six.
The inner octagonal legs and the ribbed legs grow due to the limited space in the uterus, which is caused by the legs curled and the chest and tibia stretched.
So his legs and feet bend inward.
After birth, exercise your baby regularly and strengthen the muscles in the hips and legs.
Your baby’s body and feet will slowly straighten.
Neonatal startle often has local muscle twitching after falling asleep, especially the fingers or toes will tremble gently.
Or if they are slightly stimulated, such as strong light, sound or vibration, they will show that their hands are open upwards, and they will happen again soon, sometimes accompanied by crying and startle response.
This is due to the immature development of the newborn’s nervous system.
At this point, as long as the mother gently presses any part of the baby’s body, he can calm him down.
Red urine newborn after birth 2?
5 days, due to urinary residue, coupled with the decomposition and decomposition of leukocytes, urate excretion increased, the urine turned red, and crying occurred during urination, mostly found in urine stained with red diapers.
At this time, you can increase breastfeeding or warm water to increase urine output and prevent crystallization and embolism.